Temples of Thailand

Temples of Thailand

Temples of Thailand.

This image was taken in the south of Phuket Island, Thailand.Buddhist Thai Temples or Wat (as they are typically called in Thailand) which literally translates to Monastery or Temple.

Temple elements

Roof forms
Multiple roof tiers are a important element of the Thai temple. The use of ornamented multiple tiers is reserved for roofs on temples, palaces and important public buildings. Two or three tiers are most often used, but some royal temples have four. The use of multiple roof tiers is more aesthetic than functional. Because temple halls are large,their roof areas are massive.To lighten up the roof’s appearance, the lowest tier is the largest, with a smaller middle layer and the smallest roof on top. Multiple breaks in each roof lighten it further – a double-tiered roof might have 2-4 breaks in each tier. Dynamic visual rhythms are created by these multiple tiers, breaks and tier patterns. In northern temples, the roof area is larger, sweeping low towards the ground to cover more of the wall. The lower tiers telescope farther to the entrance.In central Thai temples, the lower tiers telescope just a short distance beyond the top roof at the gable ends.

Roof finials
Most decorations are attached to the bargeboard, the long, thin panel on the edge of the roof at the gable ends.The decorative structure is called the lamyong. The lamyong is sculpted in an undulating, serpentine nag sadung shape evoking the nāga. Its blade-like projection called bai raka suggest both naga fins and the feathers of Garuda. Its lower finial is called a hang hong, which usually takes the form of a naga’s head turned up and facing away from the roof. The naga head may be styled in flame-like kranok motifs and may have multiple heads. A roof with multiple breaks or tiers has identical hang hong finials at the bottom of each section. Perched on the peak of the lamyong is the large curving ornament called a chofah, which resembles the beak of a bird, perhaps representing Garuda.

A Naga
220px-Phra_Maha_Chedi_Chai_Mongkol_Naga_emerging_from_mouth_of_Makara

Garuda National Emblem of Thailand
113px-Garuda_Emblem_of_Thailand.svg

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